What is the simple aspect
Simple tenses are used to express action that are factual or normal. In present tense, it often refers to a habitual, regular action or anything that is in occurrence but is not necessarily happening right now. These are usually timeless statements. It is used to express facts. The focus is on the occurrence, not the process or if the action is complete. For example,
Starbucks serves the best coffee in town.
This sentence clearly indicates that you can find the best coffee at Starbucks, but they might not be serving it right now. (They may be closed.)
She teaches English to elementary school kids.
The paper arrives at 7 am every day.
You need two tablespoon of sugar for this recipe.
Take a look at where the Simple Tenses are in the Verb Tenses Chart:
Verbs that are usually used in Simple Tenses (Non-continuous Verbs)
Some verbs that express states and not actions or processes are generally used in Simple Tenses. The easiest way to identify such verbs is to examine if you can see someone performing the action. If you cannot see someone doing it, always use Simple Tenses. The verbs usually express something abstract such as emotions, opinion or possession.
- Senses / Perception: to feel, to hear, to see, to smell, to taste
- Opinions / beliefs: to assume, to believe, to consider, to doubt, to feel (=to think), to find (=to consider), to suppose, to think*
* ‘To think’ cannot be used in a progressive tense if it expresses opinion. However, if it expresses the action of someone thinking about something without any result, it can be used in Progressive Tenses.
- Mental states: to forget, to imagine, to know, to mean, to notice, to recognize, to remember, to understand
- Emotions: to envy, to fear, to dislike, to hate, to hope, to like, to love, to mind, to prefer, to regret, to want, to wish
- Measurement: to contain, to cost, to hold, to measure, to weigh
- Others: to look (=to resemble), to seem, to be (in most cases), to have (=to own)
Some verbs have a different meaning in Progressive and Simple Tenses. Make sure to note these when forming sentences or translating them.
- This massage feels nice. → perception of the massage’s quality
- Franz is feeling sick from the salad. → his health is currently affected by the salad
- My neighbor has 20 cats. → expressing ownership
- I’m having a great time with you. → being entertained, feeling good
- You can’t see the London Eye from here. → perception
- I’m seeing my mom later during the week. → planning on meeting
How to use the simple aspect
Once you have decided to use the simple aspect, verb formation is very easy. The simple aspect can be used in all three tenses: Simple Present, Simple Past and Simple Future. As there is no specific auxiliary verb for simple tenses, we simply use the first form of the verb in the correct tense.
General structure of Simple Tenses
in correct tense
|object / adverbs|
Questions in Simpe Tenses
To form questions or negative phrases, the auxiliary verb ‘to do’ is used in the correct form in present and past tenses. For example,
Do you know where my keys are? / Did you know where my keys are?
I don’t know. / I didn’t know.